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行业解析|智能家居是什么?一文带你从小白开始速通

引言

清晨,当你准备起床时,轻轻触动“起床”模式,床帘慢慢收起,舒缓的音乐缓缓奏起,厕 所的灯光自动点亮,水温加热到合适的温度,厨房小机器人早已为你备好了早餐,开启美好 的一天。而这些,只需要一个面板就可以轻松操控家中所有的电器。那些在科幻片中充满着 舒适与惬意的生活场景,随着科技的发展与进步,已经逐渐走入了人们的日常生活中。
In the morning, when you are ready to get up, gently press the "wake up" mode, the bed curtain is slowly withdrawn, soothing music is played, the toilet light is automatically on, the water temperature is heated to the right temperature,the little kitchen robot already has breakfast ready for you to start your day. And these, just need a panel can easily control all the appliances in the home. With the development and progress of science and technology, those scenes full of comfortable and agreeable life have gradually entered People's Daily life.

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智能家居的起源
The origin of the smart home
智能家居这个名字最早出现在美国,也出现过很多案例,直到1984年,美国建筑协商会成立了一个唤做“智能家居”的特殊利益集团,他们以科技和家居设计为设计理念,为智能家居的发展奠定基础。比尔盖茨的豪宅就属最著名的智能家居了,他设想用“硅片和软件建筑”来构建住宅,利用当时的顶尖科技完美融入了他的豪宅,于是揭开了全世界建造智能家居的序幕。
The name of smart home first appeared in the United States, and there have been many cases. Until 1984, the American Architectural Council set up a special interest group called "Smart Home", which took technology and home design as the design concept to lay the foundation for the development of smart home. Bill Gates's mansion is the most famous smart home, he envisioned using "silicon and software architecture" to build the house, using the then top technology perfectly into his mansion, thus opened the prelude to the construction of smart home in the world.

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智能家居是什么?
What is Smart Home?
智能家居不是智能家电,而是一种理想的住宅环境。它是以家庭住宅为平台,通过布线技术、网络通信技术、音视频技术、智能家居-安全防范技术等多种智能科技技术,将住宅里的智能家电、系统融合起来,集软件与硬件于一体,实现全方位的综合管理,让你体验一个舒适、高效、多样的居住环境。
Smart home is not a smart home appliance, but an ideal residential environment. It is based on the family residence as a platform, through wiring technology, network communication technology, audio and video technology, smart home - security technology and other intelligent technology, the smart home appliances, the system integration, software and hardware in one, to achieve a full range of comprehensive management, so that you experience a comfortable, efficient, diverse living environment.

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智能家居的核心三大技术
The three core technologies of smart home
(1)总线技术
通过把强电和弱电分离,使系统不易受到干扰,维持稳定的状态。系统中有一个或多个无线接入点来统一接收无线信号,再通过先前布置好的信号总线来传输控制信号。
By separating the strong current from the weak current, the system is not susceptible to interference and maintains a stable state. There are one or more wireless access points in the system to receive wireless signals uniformly, and then transmit control signals through the previously arranged signal bus.

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(2)无线射频技术
相较于总线技术,无线技术无需重新布线,通过点对点的射频原理,实现对住宅家电和灯光的控制,安装方便,还有可拆分性功能,可以适应不同的环境需求。
Compared with the bus technology, wireless technology does not need to rewire, through the point-to-point RF principle, to achieve the control of residential appliances and lighting, easy installation, and detachable function, can adapt to different environmental requirements.

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(3)电力载波
布线相对简单,它通常具有一个或多个直接接入强电的无线接入点,通过交流强电作为载波传输控制信号。利用家庭内部现有的电力线传输控制信号,可以实现对家电和灯光的控制和管理。
The wiring is relatively simple. It usually has one or more wireless access points with direct access to the strong current, and transmits the control signal through the AC strong current as the carrier. The control and management of household appliances and lights can be realized by using the existing power line transmission control signal.

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智能家居的优势
The advantages of smart home

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rice米生生 2022-11-19 20:32:48 显示全部楼层
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